代写BIOL 54 Literature Review 代写
BIOL 54 Literature Review
This will be a literature review paper based upon your research in the peer-reviewed journals.
SUPPORT MATERIALS: Please read the entire required book: Write, Present, Create: Science
Communication for Undergraduates, before beginning your literature review paper.
Each student will choose one topic from the list of available topics on our google shared by your instructor. You
must paraphrase all of your research. This is an activity to test your ability at finding scholarly research articles,
reading those articles, understanding those articles and putting the information you found into your own words
in a coherent example of written communication. The process should go like this:
1. Choose your topic from the list of topics available: one topic can only be used by maximum of four
2. Research peer reviewed journals through sjlibrary.org (e.g. JSTOR and Science Direct). I also like to
use www.pubmed.com to look for my research articles.
3. While reading these journal papers, pay special attention to the Abstract, Introduction,
Background/Significance and Discussion sections. Take your own notes, do not just highlight.
4. Drawing upon your research, gather and distill the knowledge you have just gained about your topic and
write your paper, in your own words, describing this new and novel information for a University level
audience. You want to summarize your findings so that the reader will leave with a good understanding
of what is cutting edge in your chosen topic’s field.
• Students will complete a written scientific literature research paper based on their chosen topic and
specifically about what is new in the research/development of their topic.
• Primary literature sources should be published after year 2000. This could be a treatment, a cure, new
information found about the disease/disorder, etc.
• The research paper should NOT include more background information that is any more than 25% of the
entire paper. This paper is about NEW, cutting edge research.
• Your task at hand is to learn how to locate reliable and scholarly information in order to thoroughly
research your topic and develop a clear, concise written review of that topic. This type of paper is called
a Scientific Literature Review Paper.
• Do not include any personal information, opinions or personal experience. This paper is not about you,
it’s about your unbiased research into the topic. Do not include I/Me/My statements. Do not include
basic background material, jump straight into the new/novel research.
• Your writing should be in a scientific tone. A scientific tone is professional and should not sound like
a blog, magazine, or conversation.
• Your paper must be well researched with scientific, peer-reviewed journals making up the bulk of your
• It should be an example of your best efforts at written communication.
• Part of your grade will be based on form, style, and grammar, while the content of your report will carry
the heaviest weight towards your grade.
• You will be turning all written assignments into Canvas – No hardcopy is needed.
• Your sources must be diverse! You must have at least 5 peer-reviewed journal sources. Beyond this
you may have maximum of 2 can be from a online only website, maximum of 2 books and a maximum
of 2 secondary literature resources such as magazines. However, do not feel you need to use
books/magazines unless you wish. You must have the bulk of your references from primary literature
articles. You may have NO Wikipedia resources! If you use multiple pages from a single website, it is
still considered just one website-one source.
• If your paper is above 25% unoriginal material, you will be in danger of receiving a zero on the
assignment and/or being reported to the University for plagiarism.
The length of the write-up should be approximately 3 pages Minimum of 750 words, not to exceed 1000 within
the body of the paper, 12pt. times new roman or arial font, double spaced, and word processed. IT MUST BE
ORGANIZED INTO THE 4 SECTIONS OUTLINED BELOW – no need to place section titles.
1. Introduction: describe the topic, indicate the scope and give any history and/or background
information that is appropriate. (Cite literature)
2. Body: Include current information/arguments drawn from a wide array of literature sources and text.
Connect the issue to some aspect represented in the text (In other words what have you learned in the
class that has enabled you to write on this issue). Develop your ideas sequentially and logically. (Cite
3. Conclusion/Discussion: Pull together the information and ideas to make a coherent picture. Give some
idea of the importance of the topic and its role in human health. Also, indicate what the future may
hold. (Cite literature)
4. Literature cited: Follow the form as given at the end of these instructions – Not included in your
NOTE: Always give credit for ALL information you have gained from someone else. If it did not come from
your brain or is not common knowledge (like the sky is blue), then you must cite your source. In science direct
quotes are seldom used. Instead, information is summarized and the sources indicated. Citations occur in the
text in the following format (Author last name, year article written) NOT as footnotes. DO NOT PUT
DIRECT QUOTES FROM YOUR SOURCE. Turnitin.com will recognize that as plagiarism and you will
receive a zero on your paper. You must REPHRASE the information you have gathered. You MUST follow the
literature cited format as stated below. You must cite all your sources both within the body of the paper AND at
the end, in the literature cited section. Do not use an electronic citation generator. Please use your brain to
organize your citations.
Use this format for your Literature citations within text:
Alligator lizards are active during the day (Jones, 1984) while desert geckos are nocturnal (Smith, 1982).
Alligator lizards are active during the day (Jones and Davis, 1984) while desert geckos are nocturnal (Smith and
(More than 2 Authors) Alligator lizards are active during the day (Jones et al., 1984) while desert geckos are
nocturnal (Smith et al., 1982).
(Websites) Alligator lizards are active during the day (worldwildlifefund.org, 2008) while desert geckos are
nocturnal (nature.org, 2008).
If you have used a reference multiple times within the same paragraph, you may cite your reference at the end
of the last sentence in your paragraph. Otherwise, site your source at the end of the thought/idea of which you
are using their information.
These references are then included more fully in the Literature Cited section at the end of your report, in the
following format. If you have used the latin abbreviation et al., (and of course you have italicized et al.) within
the body of your paper you MUST spell out each authors name in the literature cited section.
Use this format for your Literature Cited section: - Your literature cited section should be alphabetized by
first authors last name. No numbers or bullets, all left justified with each citation single spaced and separated
from the next citation by a double space.
代写BIOL 54 Literature Review 代写